So, surprise, Canada was not always a united country (or even a united colony). You know how America was, at first, thirteen colonies? Well, Canada was similar.
About 1837, and some time earlier, Canada was made up of Upper Canada and Lower Canada (which, by the way, did not cover most of modern day Canada). These were two separate colonies; interestingly, Upper Canada was south of Lower Canada; leave it to British people to confuse future young Canadians learning the history of their country.
Now, speaking of 1837, let’s jump back to a few years before.
In both Upper Canada and Lower Canada, tensions are brewing. The government isn’t very representative of the population; the economy isn’t that great. Interestingly, some of the reasons the Canadians aren’t happy are some of the same reasons the Americans weren’t happy decades before.
So what do the Canadians do?
They write a letter: 92 Resolutions, which they then send to the British government.
The 92 Resolutions end up being ignored for about three years. After that, the British government was basically like ‘Lol, no.’
And rebellion broke out in both colonies. It was crushed by the British, but the British had learned something from the Revolutionary War; they sent a guy called John Lambton (Lord Durham) to check out what had caused the problem.
While he did make good points on a few things, one of his big conclusions was that Lower Canada was too French. Therefore, it was decided that the colonies would become a union so that the Frenchness would be diluted.
Some fun names they considered for Canada:
- Borealia (meaning North, opposite of Australia, meaning South)
- New Albion (Albion being the old Latin name for England)
- Albionoria (see above)
- Efisga (an acronym from English, French, Irish, Scottish, German, Aboriginal)
- Victorialand (for the then current queen Victoria)
- Tuponia ( based on The United Provinces of North America)
And there were others, but you get the idea. The names were mostly bad, and they ended up just going with Canada.
So that’s the story of Canada’s big rebellion and unification. It’s definitely one of the more interesting parts of an otherwise kind of boring history.